Working Towards Building a Green Economy and Sustainable Local Communities


Poverty-Environment Mainstreaming

PPEI Mainstreaming

Photo: CENRO-LGU Toledo

“The core intentions of locating the P-E nexus into the planning regimen of the LGU, is to say that a concrete gauge of local sustainable development is how much poverty is alleviated; the environment protected, and how well the processes of empowerment are supportive of people.”

Poverty-Environment Mainstreaming with Climate Smart and Green Development Perspective

PPEI supports the integration of poverty-environment linkages into policies and plans and eventually into development programs, projects and activities of the national and local governments. This shall pave opportunities for growth, especially for LGUs which rely on natural resources for food, water and fuel.

What is poverty-environment mainstreaming?

It is the iterative process of integrating poverty-environment linkages into policymaking, budgeting and implementation processes at national, sector and sub-national levels. It is a multi-year, multi-stakeholder effort that entails working with government actors (head of state’s office, environment, finance and planning bodies, sector and sub-national bodies, political parties and parliament, national statistics office and judicial system), non-governmental actors (civil society, academia, business and industry, general public and communities, and the media) and development actors.

Why mainstream poverty-environment linkages into LGU planning, programming and budgeting system?

  • Create sustainable development culture in local communities through establishing right mechanisms, policies, legal and institutional frameworks in place, for coordinating and integrating economic, social and environmental aspects of development.
  • Emphasize that environment and natural resources (ENR) are socio-economic asset, thus the need for sustainable management and rational utilization of ENR to reduce poverty and protect the environment.
  • Influence LGUs to develop and implement pro-poor environmental policies and programs, and ensure greater equity impact of these policies and programs that would contribute to the achievement of a green and inclusive economy.

Locating the Poverty-Environment Nexus in Local Development Planning and Budgeting

The main entry point for mainstreaming poverty-environment linkages is through the planning and budgeting processes. The figure above illustrates how PPEI supports the local government units towards mainstreaming P-E issues into local development planning and budgeting.

The P-E linkages could be assembled from an extract of the list of programs/projects/activities (PPAs) vis-à-vis policy options to be funded. The PPAs may be directly addressing poverty and environmental protection, or indirectly as support to a greater objective of efficiency and effectiveness of development efforts. The following are major elements of finding the entry points and making cases for P-E mainstreaming effort:

  • Examining the governmental, institutional and political contexts of the local government
  • Assessing the socio-economic and environmental situation of the local government
  • Building partners and service providers
  • Creating working groups for sustained mainstreaming

Harmonizing local planning, procedures and methodologies for programming poverty alleviation actions

Integrating the P-E nexus in LGU planning and management could be done during the early stages of the formulation of LGU’s Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) and Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP). The LGUs’ Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP) provides the scope of the elements of development which must be linked (sectors of social, economic, physical/land use, environmental management, and institutional management) to attain a dynamic system of addressing poverty and environmental protection. Particularly, the Rationalized Planning System (RPS) suggests schemes for development efforts to progress coherently instead of a fragmented, although continuing approach.

Poverty-Environment Development Integration Opportunity with Annual Investment Plan (AIP)

The integration of poverty and environment concerns into the LGU’s Annual Investment Program (AIP) ushers in the biggest prospect. The AIP, a yearly translation of the Local Development Investment Plan (LDIP) and the Executive Legislative Agenda (ELA), is the primary operational instrument for implementation of development. In other words, it programmatizes the CDP, ELA, and LDIP into investible and implementable projects and activities.


Mainstreaming Poverty-Environment Linkages into Policy Processes

Being able to influence the policy process leads to increased awareness about the contribution of environment to the well-being of communities and their economic growth; improved coordination among the local government offices, and inclusion of poverty- environment–related goals, targets and implementation strategies in policy documents. The following are the strategies to influence policy process in the local government:

  • Use specific evidence to identify priorities and develop arguments to engage effectively in the policy process
  • Adapt to the timing and modalities of the policy process and engage with sector working groups, donors and other stakeholders
  • Make sure the resulting policy document includes goals and targets based on P-E linkages and implementation strategies that support those targets


Making P-E Mainstreaming Sustainable through Monitoring System

A local monitoring system if it can be set up helps track progress made against the goals of local plans and policy documents, and the implementation of programs; it also helps in identifying where and what kinds of corrective actions may be needed. Further, monitoring P-E issues allows policymakers and implementers to demonstrate the impact of policy measures and PPAs put in place, share lessons learned, make adjustments and guide budget and resource allocation.

To access the knowledge products related to P-E mainstreaming, please click the following:

Philippines' Handbook on Mainstreaming Poverty-Environment Linkages in LGU Governance for Inclusive Green Growth

Capacity Assessment Tool on Mainstreaming P-E Linkages in Local Governance

Poverty-Environment Initiative Award: Award on Exemplary Performance on PEI and Contribution to Economy


The Figure shows the connectivity of the outputs for mainstreaming P-E linkages. This connectivity framework also established the development trajectory that the PPEI takes in 2013 and beyond.