“The core intentions of locating the P-E nexus into the planning regimen of the LGU, is to say that a concrete gauge of local sustainable development is how much poverty is alleviated; the environment protected, and how well the processes of empowerment are supportive of people.”
PPEI supports the integration of poverty-environment linkages into policies and plans and eventually into development programs, projects and activities of the national and local governments. This shall pave opportunities for growth, especially for LGUs which rely on natural resources for food, water and fuel.
It is the iterative process of integrating poverty-environment linkages into policymaking, budgeting and implementation processes at national, sector and sub-national levels. It is a multi-year, multi-stakeholder effort that entails working with government actors (head of state’s office, environment, finance and planning bodies, sector and sub-national bodies, political parties and parliament, national statistics office and judicial system), non-governmental actors (civil society, academia, business and industry, general public and communities, and the media) and development actors.
The main entry point for mainstreaming poverty-environment linkages is through the planning and budgeting processes. The figure above illustrates how PPEI supports the local government units towards mainstreaming P-E issues into local development planning and budgeting.
The P-E linkages could be assembled from an extract of the list of programs/projects/activities (PPAs) vis-à-vis policy options to be funded. The PPAs may be directly addressing poverty and environmental protection, or indirectly as support to a greater objective of efficiency and effectiveness of development efforts. The following are major elements of finding the entry points and making cases for P-E mainstreaming effort:
Integrating the P-E nexus in LGU planning and management could be done during the early stages of the formulation of LGU’s Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) and Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP). The LGUs’ Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP) provides the scope of the elements of development which must be linked (sectors of social, economic, physical/land use, environmental management, and institutional management) to attain a dynamic system of addressing poverty and environmental protection. Particularly, the Rationalized Planning System (RPS) suggests schemes for development efforts to progress coherently instead of a fragmented, although continuing approach.
The integration of poverty and environment concerns into the LGU’s Annual Investment Program (AIP) ushers in the biggest prospect. The AIP, a yearly translation of the Local Development Investment Plan (LDIP) and the Executive Legislative Agenda (ELA), is the primary operational instrument for implementation of development. In other words, it programmatizes the CDP, ELA, and LDIP into investible and implementable projects and activities.
Being able to influence the policy process leads to increased awareness about the contribution of environment to the well-being of communities and their economic growth; improved coordination among the local government offices, and inclusion of poverty- environment–related goals, targets and implementation strategies in policy documents. The following are the strategies to influence policy process in the local government:
A local monitoring system if it can be set up helps track progress made against the goals of local plans and policy documents, and the implementation of programs; it also helps in identifying where and what kinds of corrective actions may be needed. Further, monitoring P-E issues allows policymakers and implementers to demonstrate the impact of policy measures and PPAs put in place, share lessons learned, make adjustments and guide budget and resource allocation.
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