Poverty and environmental integrity are closely linked. Poor people that depend on natural resources for their livelihood would have limited opportunities if their resources are degraded. A degraded environment lowers productivity and income, thus, rendering the poor to be poorer. The deterioration of the productive capacity of natural resources is perceived as a risk that can affect poverty alleviation initiatives.
The Philippine Poverty-Environment Initiative (PPEI) supports the government, civil society and the business sector to utilize revenues and benefits from sustainable ENR management for poverty reduction and environmental protection. It aims at demonstrating that, if managed properly and sustainably, natural resources can propel the country to a path of an inclusive and sustainable development.
The PPEI operates at national and local levels, providing a better enabling environment for national and local government to ensure that ENR revenues are equitably shared by the communities and re-invested to preserve social and natural capital. It seeks to influence institutions, policies and investments to harness the potential of the country’s natural resources to achieve a greener and more inclusive development path.
PPEI is critically designed to deliver Outcome 2 of United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) which states that “More men and women will have decent and productive employment for sustainable, inclusive and greener growth”. It also helps to achieve Millennium Development Goals 1 (Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger) and 7 (Ensure environmental sustainability).
By 2015, the following are the expected results of the project:
Some of the strongest links between poverty and environment are the industries extracting the natural wealth, such as mining, oil and gas, geothermal and hydropower plants. Extractive industries in the country refer to five investment areas: (1) mineral mining, (2) forest and secondary forest products, (3) energy resources, (4) water resources, and (5) coastal and marine resources.
To optimize the contribution of natural resources to local economic development and greener growth, an extractive industry economics must alleviate poverty by gravitating people into the enterprise with jobs, downstream economic activities, and provision of social services from the proceeds:. Natural resource revenues and benefits may be earmarked for rehabilitation of degraded ecosystem and to increase efficiencies of social services. Some of the revenues maybe used to catalyze green investments thereby generating green jobs for the general population of the community.